Poverty and Inequality in Latin America

Issues and New Challenges

Edited by Víctor E. Tokman and Guillermo O’Donnell

From the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies

In fall 1995, leading academics joined politicians, entrepreneurs, union leaders, and other civic leaders at the University of Notre Dame to discuss the present and emerging challenges in resolving issues of poverty and inequality in Latin America. The resulting multidisciplinary approach integrated good analytical work with sound advice in the hope that new policies can provide more effective answers to both new and chronic questions.

This book presents the papers submitted to the workshop “Poverty in Latin America: Issues and New Responses,” organized by the Kellogg Institute. The contributors argue that old models of social protection are in crisis and that without completely rejecting the past experiences, new paradigms might better address the problems of pervasive poverty and inequity that persist in and are often exacerbated by the new global economic environment.

As they explore strategies such as job creation and restructuring, sensitivity to new vulnerabilities, and development of a more flexible work force, the contributors call for a redefinition of roles and regulations, for redesigning the current social order. They also emphasize the importance of creative political alliances if this wide-ranging reform is to be sustainable.

Víctor E. Tokman is Assistant Director General of the International Labor Office in Lima, Peru.

Guillermo O’Donnell is the Helen Kellogg Professor of Government and International Studies at the University of Notre Dame.

“This is a unique collection of essays on poverty and inequality in Latin America in that it addresses these issues from a variety of disciplinary angles, including economics, demography, political science, sociology, education, and social welfare. . . . These essays will provide important guidelines for all those concerned with improving social conditions in Latin America.”—Alain de Janvry, University of California, Berkeley

Reviews

“This is an important volume, with significant implications for regional policy makers, comparative policy analysts, and would-be organizers of the laboring and marginalized poor.” — Political Studies

“. . . The best book available on poverty and inequality in the new era of neoliberalism in Latin America.” — Political Science Quaterly

“This collection explores strategies such as job creation and reconstructing, sensitivity to new problems, and development of a more flexible work force. The contributors call for a redefinition of roles and regulations, and for redesigning the current social order.” — Abstracts of Public Administration, Development, and Environment

“_Poverty and Inequality_ is effective in addressing the many challenges to alleviating poverty and improving income distribution in Latin America. . . . The contributors make a number of astute observations and provacative policy recommendations, and those interested in Latin America’s changing welfare model will find Poverty and Inequality worthwhile reading.” — Journal of International Law and Politics