Edited by Alexander Wilde
During the past half century, Latin America has evolved from a region of political instability and frequent dictatorships into one of elected governments. Although its societies and economies have undergone sweeping changes, high levels of violence have remained a persistent problem. Religious Responses to Violence: Human Rights in Latin America Past and Present offers rich resources to understand how religion has perceived and addressed different forms of violence, from the political and state violence of the 1970s and 1980s to the drug traffickers and youth gangs of today. The contributors offer many fresh insights into contemporary criminal violence and reconsider past interpretations of political violence, liberation theology, and human rights in light of new questions and evidence.
In contrast to many other studies of violence, this book explores its moral dimensions—up close in lived experience—and the real consequences of human agency. Alexander Wilde provides a thoughtful substantive introduction, followed by thematic chapters on “rights,” “violence,” and case studies of ten countries throughout the region. The book breaks new ground examining common responses as well as differences between Catholic and Evangelical pastoral accompaniment. These new studies focus on the specifically religious character of their responses—how they relate their mission and faith to violence in different contexts—to better understand how and why they have taken action.
Contributors: Alexander Wilde, Daniel H. Levine, Robert Albro, Patrick William Kelly, Virginia Garrard-Burnett, María Soledad Catoggio, Gustavo Morello, S.J., Rafael Mafei Rabelo Queiroz, Elyssa Pachico, Javier Arellano-Yanguas, Winifred Tate, Robert Brenneman, Andrew Johnson, Amelia Frank-Vitale, and Kimberly Theidon.
“This book makes an important and original contribution to the fields of religion and politics and to the study of human rights and violence in contemporary Latin America. Religion is treated seriously, by authors who really understand it. The book also brings fresh research and a long view to bear on its examination of civil violence and rights. Scholars and students in a range of disciplines—history, anthropology, sociology, political science, and religion—will find this book of great value.” — Frances Hagopian, Harvard University
“Religious Responses to Violence contains 15 chapters by experts on Argentina, Brazil, Central America, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru. They cover the history of Latin America from the mid-twentieth century to the present—roughly from Vatican II to Pope Francis and from the early development of Evangelical churches to their current prominence in communities and politics. . . . Anyone involved in that great movement will benefit from reading Religious Responses to Violence.” — Friends Journal
“The book begins with the paradox that ‘modern Latin America is both notably violent and notably religious’ and ends with the empirically based conclusion about ‘the unique qualities of religious as a social force against violence.’ . . . Religious actors play an ongoing and irreplaceable role in acting as an antidote to the universal hold of justice as a revenge seeking lex talionis that so far has been noticed by a few anthropological studies but not the public eye. Religious Responses to Violence is not an easy to read primer. But it’s a necessary one.” — Catholic Book Reviews
“The 15 contributions reveal the multiple and at times conflicting responses from churches that range from active non-violence to challenging state violence, accompanying popular mobilizations, supporting development projects, and taking up arms in support of revolutionary movements. The volume makes a key contribution to understanding religion in contemporary Latin America.” — Choice