Beyond High Courts: The Justice Complex in Latin America is a much-needed volume that will make a significant contribution to the growing fields of comparative law and politics and Latin American legal institutions. The book moves these research agendas beyond the study of high courts by offering theoretically and conceptually rich empirical analyses of a set of critical supranational, national, and subnational justice sector institutions that are generally neglected in the literature. The chapters examine the region’s large federal systems (Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico), courts in Chile and Venezuela, and the main supranational tribunal in the region, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Aimed at students of comparative legal institutions while simultaneously offering lessons for practitioners charged with designing such institutions, the volume advances our understanding of the design of justice institutions, how their form and function change over time, what causes those changes, and what consequences they have. The volume also pays close attention to how justice institutions function as a system, exploring institutional interactions across branches and among levels of government (subnational, national, supranational) and analyzing how they help to shape, and are shaped by, politics and law. Incorporating the institutions examined in the volume into the literature on comparative legal institutions deepens our understanding of justice systems and how their component institutions can both bolster and compromise democracy and the rule of law.
Contributors: Matthew C. Ingram, Diana Kapiszewski, Azul A. Aguiar-Aguilar, Ernani Carvalho, Natália Leitão, Catalina Smulovitz, John Seth Alexander, Robert Nyenhuis, Sídia Maria Porto Lima, José Mário Wanderley Gomes Neto, Danilo Pacheco Fernandes, Louis Dantas de Andrade, Mary L. Volcansek, and Martin Shapiro.
Matthew C. Ingram is associate professor of political science at the University at Albany, State University of New York. He is the author of Crafting Courts in New Democracies: The Politics of Subnational Judicial Reform in Brazil and Mexico.
Diana Kapiszewski is associate professor of government at Georgetown University. She is author, co-editor, and co-author of a number of books, including High Courts and Economic Governance in Argentina and Brazil.
"Matthew Ingram and Diana Kapiszewski persuasively set out to design a new agenda in the study of judicial institutions in Latin America. The volume is aimed at political science students and those particularly interested in institutional configuration and design. It will also appeal to scholars and students of comparative law and other social science fields, because it provides rich descriptions and background information about little understood judicial institutions." —Lydia Brashear Tiede, University of Houston
"As is true in most of the democratic world, justice institutions in Latin America other than the Supreme Court are important yet understudied. Beyond High Courts: The Justice Complex in Latin America is an excellent contribution that helps address that lacuna." —Scott Mainwaring, Jorge Paulo Lemann Professor of Brazil Studies, Harvard Kennedy School
"As a researcher and teacher in comparative judicial politics, it is exciting to see a new work on non-peak judicial institutions. Beyond High Courts: The Justice Complex in Latin America makes an important contribution to the field. The contributors address a clear set of questions across an array of judicial actors in Latin America. The volume contains comparative and single country case studies and helps to fill both empirical and theoretical gaps in the literature on comparative judicial politics." —Druscilla Scribner, University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh
"The most important contribution of Beyond High Courts is shedding light on fascinating institutions that have received, quite undeservedly, little scholarly attention. In addition, these remarkable chapters offer interesting analytical and theoretical lessons. Readers from different disciplines that are interested in law and courts or socio-legal studies will find many gems in each chapter included within this edited volume." —Bulletin of Latin American Research